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Uttar Pradesh

State Profile

Geography

Uttar Pradesh is bounded by Nepal on the North, Himachal Pradesh on the north west, Haryana on the west, Rajasthan on the south west, Madhya Pradesh on the south and south- west and Bihar on the east. Situated between 23o 52'N and 31o 28 N latitudes and 77o 3' and 84o 39'E longitudes, this is the fourth largest state in the country. (A part of Uttar Pradesh has been separated and formed into a new state Uttarakhand on November 9th 2000. The details given here are before the separation)

Uttar Pradesh can be divided into three distinct hypsographical regions :
1. The Himalayan region in the North
2. The Gangetic plain in the centre
3. The Vindya hills and plateau in the south

History

Uttar Pradesh forms a major area of the Northern fertile plain or the Indo-Gangetic plain. This area is said to have been occupied by the group of people referred to as "Dasas" by the Aryans. The main occupation of these inhabitants were agriculture. Till BC 2000 the Aryans had not settled in this region. It was through conquest that the Aryans occupied this area and laid the foundations of a Hindu civilization. The regions of Uttar Pradesh was said to have been the ancient Panchala country. The great war of the Mahabharata between the Kauravas and Pandavas was said to have been fought here. Besides the Kauravas and Panchalas the Vatsas, the Kosis, Hosalas, Videhas etc formed the early region of Uttar Pradesh. These areas were called Madhyadesa. It was during the Aryan inhabitation that the epics of Mahabharata, Ramayana, the Brahamanas and Puranas were written. During the reign of Ashoka, works for public welfare were taken up. Having rich resources there was active trade within and outside the country. The rule of the Magadha empire brought Buddhism and Jainism into this region. This period witnessed administrative and economic advancement.

The Kushanas exercised their power over this region till 320AD. The territory passed into the hands of the Guptas during whose rule, the Huns invaded this region. After the decline of the Guptas, the Maukharis of Kannauj gained power. During the rule of Harshavardhana, Kannauj was an important city. After his rule political chaos set it. It was amidst this confusion that the Muslims invaded into Utter Pradesh though the society was dominated by the Rajputs, jats and other local chiefs. In 1016AD Mahmud of Ghazni laid his eyes on the wealth of Kannauj. He was followed by Mohammad Ghori. Throughout the rule of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughals, the territory progressed. After the Mughals, the Jats, the Rohillas, and the Marathas established their rule. By 1803 the British controlled this region and annexed it by 1856. It was in the Uttar Pradesh (The period between 1857-58) that the first struggle for liberation from the British yoke was unleashed. The revolt was suppressed and from then till independence it remained under British dominance. In 1950 the state was organized and named as Uttar Pradesh.

The state of Uttar Pradesh has an area of 240,928 sq. km. and a population of 166.20 million. There are 71 districts, 813 blocks and 107452 villages. The State has population density of 689 per sq. km. (as against the national average of 312). The decadal growth rate of the state is NA (against 21.54% for the country) and the population of the state continues to grow at a much faster rate than the national rate.

Health Indicators of Uttar Pradesh

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is 3.5. The Infant Mortality Rate is 61 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is 359 (SRS 2007 - 2009) which are higher than the National average. The Sex Ratio in the State is 908 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Uttar Pradesh State as compared to India figures

IndicatorUttar PradeshIndia
Total Population (In Crore) (Census 2011) 19.96 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2001) 20.09 17.64
Crude Birth Rate (SRS 2013) 27.2 21.4
Crude Death Rate (SRS 2013) 7.7 7
Natural Growth Rate (SRS 2013) 19.5 14.4
Infant Mortality Rate ( SRS 2013) 50 40
Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2010-12) 392 178
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2012) 3.3 2.4
Sex Ratio (Census 2001) 908 940
Child Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 899 914
Schedule Caste population (In Crore) (Census 2001) 3.51 16.67
Schedule Tribe population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.01 8.43
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 69.72 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 79.24 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 59.26 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Uttar Pradesh

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 31037 20521 10516
Primary Health Centre 5172 3692 1480
Community Health Centre 1293 515 778
Health worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 24213 22464 1749
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 20521 1729 18792
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 3692 2040 1652
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 3692 4518 *
Doctor at PHCs 3692 2861 831
Obstetricians & Gynecologists at CHCs 515 475 40
Pediatricians at CHCs 515 547 *
Total specialists at CHCs 2060 1740 320
Radiographers at CHCs 515 181 334
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 4207 5582 *
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 4207 1836 2371
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 7297 2627 4670

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2012, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)

Organogram

Orgamogram of Uttar Pradesh

Orgamogram of Uttar Pradesh

District Programme Management Unit

District Programme Management Unit

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List & Addresses of State Officials

Principal Secy
Shri Arvind Kumar
Principal Secretary (Health & FW),
Department of Health & Family Welfare,
Government of Uttar Pradesh,
5th floor, Room No. 516, Vikas Bhawan,
Janpath Market, Vidhan Sabha Road, Hazrat Ganj
Lucknow 226 001, UP
Tele office : 0522-2612555, 2627029
Tele Fax : 0522-2625449
Mob : 09810674966 
Email : psecup.health@gmail.com
Mission Director
Sh. Amit Kumar Ghosh
Mission Director (NHM)
Government of Uttar Pradesh,
Om Kailash Tower 19-A,
Vidhan Sabha Marg,
Lucknow 226 001, UP
Tele Office : 0522-2237522,2237496
Fax No : 0522-2237574
Mob : 08756662220
Email : ed@sifpsa.org
mdupnrhm@gmail.com
Regional Director
Dr.K. K. Mittra
Sr.Regional Director (H&FW)
Regional Office of Health & FW
9th Floor, Hall No. 3, Kendriya Bhavan,
Ali Ganj, Lucknow- 226 024,
Uttar Pradesh
Tel./Fax(Off.) : +91-522-2325268
Mobile : +91-09839010531
E-mail : regdrlko@yahoo.co.in
Director General-Medical Health
Dr. Yogendra Kumar
Director General (Medical Health )
Swasthya Sewa Maha Nideshalaya, U.P
Lucknow -226001
Tele off : 0522- 2622625
Fax No : 0522- 2623980
Mob : 9454455488
E-mail : monitoringcell.dgmh@gmail.com