Tamil Nadu


State Profile


Tamil Nadu is situated on the southeastern side of the Indian peninsula. It is bounded on the east by Bay of Bengal, in the south by the Indian ocean, in the west by the states of Kerala and Karnataka and in the North by the Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

The land mass of the state can be divided into two natural divisions,

  • The Eastern coastal plain
  • The hilly region along the North and the West

Along the whole length of the western part, the sea varying at a distance from, 80 to 160 km runs the range of the western Ghats, a steep and rugged mass averaging 1220 metres above the sea level and rising to 2440 metres at the highest point. The Palghat Gap about 25 km in width is the only marked break in the great mountain wall. To the south of this gap, the range is known as Anamalai (Elephant Hills) Palani Hills is on the east, on which the famous hill station Kodaikanal is situated. The slopes of the western Ghats are covered with heavy ever green forests. The Nilgiris and the Anamalai are the hill groups with the maximum height. In the famous Ootacamund area of the Nilgiris district, is the highest peak Doddabetta, 2640 metres above the sea level. Ootacamund is known as the 'Queen of hill stations' in India. Almost every district has a hill-station or a sea-side resort.


Tamil Nadu which holds in itself a land, a language and a culture existed since the prehistoric times. Human settlement here is said to have existed cotemporary to the civilizations in other parts of world. Tamil Nadu was earlier known as Tamilhanu. The existence of ports such as Arikamedu, Karipattinam, Korkai were proofs of the Tamilian advancement in establishing relations with other regions of the world. The Tamilians were said to be of Dravidian origin and they originally resided in the north west. With the advancement of the Indo-Aryans the Dravidians were e pushed south. The Sangam literature is the basis of Tamil History, culture and organisations from the 3rd century AD. The Cholas, the Pallavas, the Pandyas and the Cheras had their influence on Tamil Nadu and established their kingdoms. The Pallavas established their reign at kanchipuram in about the 4th century Ad. They held power over the land of the Tamils from 6th and 9th centuries. At the end of the 9th century the Cholas established themselves and they extended their empire and also established contacts with South East Asia.

In the 13th the century the Pandyas dominated. The establishment of the Vijayanagar empire brought the downfall of the Pandyas. This empire ruled till the 16th century preserving and promoting Hindu culture. The Muslim powers influenced this region politically. The Marathas also influenced Madurai and Thanjavur till the advent of the English who wrested power from the French. During the 17th and the 18th centuries, conflicts started between the trading companies of Europe for control of the major parts in the east. The British managed to control this region in the 19th century. This region was under the domain of the East India Company and continued till independence after which the three states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa were formed. The region under the jurisdiction of the Madras Presidency formed into a single unit and named Tamil Nadu in 1969

The state of Tamil Nadu has an area of 130058 sq. km. and a population of 62.41 million. There are 30 districts, 385 blocks and 16317 villages. The State has population density of 479 per sq. km. (as against the national average of 312). The decadal growth rate of the state is 11.72% (against 21.54% for the country) and the population of the state continues to grow at a much faster rate than the national rate.

Health Indicators of Tamil Nadu

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is 1.7. The Infant Mortality Rate is 24 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is 97 (SRS 2007 - 2009) which are lower than the National average. The Sex Ratio in the State is 995 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Tamil Nadu State as compared to India figures

IndicatorTamil NaduIndia
Total population (In crore) (Census 2011) 7.21 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2011) 15.60 17.64
Infant Mortality rate (SRS 2013) 21 40
Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2010-12) 90 178
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2012) 1.7 2.4
Crude Birth Rate ( SRS 2013) 15.6 21.4
Crude Death Rate ( SRS 2013) 7.3 7
Natural growth rate (SRS 2013) 8.3 14.4
Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 995 940
Child Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 946 914
Schedule Caste population (In Crore) (Census 2001) 1.18 16.6
Schedule Tribe population (In Crore) (Census 2001) 0.065 8.4
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 80.33 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 86.81 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 73.86 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Tamil Nadu

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 7555 8706 *
Primary Health Centre 1254 1227 27
Community Health Centre 313 385 *
Health worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 9933 9253 680
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 8706 1266 7440
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 1227 1027 200
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 1227 2393 *
Doctor at PHCs 1227 2271 *
Obstetricians & Gynecologists at CHCs 385 0 385
Pediatricians at CHCs 385 0 385
Total specialists at CHCs 1540 0 1540
Radiographers at CHCs 385 151 234
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 1612 1412 200
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 1612 1073 539
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 3922 7046 *

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2012, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)


Orgamogram of Tamil Nadu

Orgamogram of Tamil Nadu

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List & Addresses of State Officials

Dr. J. Radha Krishnan 
Secretary (Health & FW)
Department of Health & Family Welfare
Government of Tamilnadu,
4th Floor, Fort St. George,
Secretariat, Chennai 600009,
Tele office : 044-25671875,25665671
Fax No : 044-25671253
Mob : 09940542111
E Mail :
Mission Director
Dr. J. Radha Krishnan
Secretary & Mission Director(NHM) (I/C) 
State Health Society, ,
Government of Tamil Nadu,
5th Floor, DMS Complex, Tenopate,
359, Anna Salai, Chennai- 600 006
Tele office : 044-24336747
Fax No :044-24320563
Mob :09940542111 
Email :
Regional Director
Dr. Roshni Arthur
Sr. Regional Director I/C
Regional Office of Health & F.W.,
A2A, Rajaji Bhavan,
CGO Complex,
Basant Nagar,
Chennai - 600090
Tele fax : 044-24919232
Fax No : 044-24911401
Mobile : 09444950741
Email :

Regional Evaluation Team Report

RET Report - 2011-12 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (149 KB)
RET Report - 2010-11 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (122 KB)
RET Report - 2009-10 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (30 KB)