State Profile


The latitudinal and longitudinal extends the Punjab are from 29o 32' to 32o 32'N and 73o 55' to 76o 50'E. Punjab is bounded on the west by Pakistan, on the North by Jammu and Kashmir, on the north east by Himachal Pradesh and on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan. Physically, the state may be divided into two parts; sub-Shivalik Strip and Sutlebj- Ghaggar Plain. The Sub Shivalik strip covers the upper portion of Ropar, Hoshiarpur and Gurdaspur districts. The Sutlej- Ghaggar plain embraces the other districts of the Punjab. For administrative purposes it is divided into three division and 45 sub-division. There are 12,673 villages and 134 towns in the state.


Punjab is said to have derived its name from the five rivers that flow through this region. The Indus, the Sutlej, the Beas, the Ravi and the Ghaggar's water make it a part of the northern fertile plain. Prior to Persian period this region was known by different names at different times. Probably, at the height of its glory it was known as Sapta Sindhu, land of the seven rivers, namely Sindhu (Indus), Vitasta (Jehlum), Asuhi (chenab), Purshin (Ravi), Vipasa (Beas), Satadru (Sutleg) and Saruri (Saraswati). The last one is a dried up stream now and its traces are found in the present seasonal streams that flow near Pehowa in Haryana. During Greek occupation, the territory had shrunk into the area covering the five rivers.

It was a region that formed parts of the Indus Valley civilization. The Aryans settled in this region in about 1500B.C. It was in about 900B.C that the battle of Kurukshetra mentioned in the Epic Mahabharata was believed to have taken place in Kurukshetra. During this period the region formed small principalities ruled by chieftains. In 326BC Alexander the Great of Macedonia invaded Punjab. After this was the rule of Chandragupta Maurya that lasted till about 1st century A.D. By 318A.D the Gupta dynasty exercised their influence. They were followed by the Huns in about 500A.D. By 1000 A.D the Muslims invaded Punjab led by Mahmud of Ghazni. In 1030A.D the Rajputs gained control of this territory. In about 1192 AD, the Ghouris defeated the Chauhans and ruled till the establishment of the Mughal rule. A spirit of religious liberation led to the rise of the Militant Sikh power. In the early, 19th century the British established their influence. After independence this region witnessed mass migration and distribution of property. In 1947 when India was partitioned, the larger half of Punjab went to Pakistan. In 1966 the Indian smaller half was further divided into three: Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.

The state of Punjab has an area of 50,362 sq. km. and a population of 24.36 million. There are 20 districts, 141 blocks and 12673 villages. The State has population density of 483 per sq. km. (as against the national average of 312). The decadal growth rate of the state is 20.10% (against 21.54% for the country) and the population of the state is growing at a slower rate than the national rate.

Health Indicators of Punjab

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Punjab State as compared to India figures

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is 1.8. The Infant Mortality Rate is 34 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is 172 (SRS 2007 - 2009) which are lower than the National average. The Sex Ratio in the State is 893 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Total population (In crore) (Census 2011) 2.77 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2011) 13.73 17.64
Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2013) 26 40
Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2010-12) 155 178
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2012) 1.7 2.4
Crude Birth Rate ( SRS 2013) 15.7 21.4
Crude Death Rate ( SRS 2013) 6.7 7
Natural growth rate (SRS 2013) 9 14.4
Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 893 940
Child Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 846 914
Schedule Caste population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.74 16.6
Schedule Tribe population (in crore) (Census 2001) Not Notified 8.4
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 76.68 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 81.48 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 71.34 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Punjab

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 3463 2951 512
Primary Health Centre 577 449 128
Community Health Centre 144 132 2
Health worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 3400 4199 *
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 2951 1694 1257
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 449 388 61
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 449 265 184
Doctor at PHCs 449 457 *
Obstetricians & Gynaecologists at CHCs 132 66 66
Physicians at CHCs 132 59 73
Total specialists at CHCs 528 279 249
Radiographers at CHCs 132 123 9
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 581 878 *
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 581 482 99
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 1373 2062 *

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2012, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)



List of State Officials

Principal Secy
Mrs. Vini Mahajan 
Principal Secretary (Health & FW),
Department of Health & Family Welfare
Government of Punjab,
R. No. 426, 4th Floor, Mini Secretariat,
Sector 9, Chandigarh, Punjab-160009
Tele Off : 0172-2748326,2741711
Mob : 08872090003
Email :
Mission Director
Shri Hussan Lal  
Mission Director (NHM)
Room No. 1, 5th Floor, Prayas Building,
Dakshin Marg, Sector 38-B,
Chandigarh - 160036, Punjab
Tele Off : 0172-2688438
Fax No : 0172-4012013
Mob : 09646200015
Email :
Regional Director
Dr. Ravinder Ahluwalia
Sr. Regional Director l/c,
Regional Office of Health & FW
4th Floor, C-wing, Kendriya Sadan,
Sector 9, Chandigarh - 160 009
Telefax (Off.): +91-172-2741558,
Off: +91-172-2749544
Mob: +91-9463410101

Regional Evaluation Team Report

RET Report - 2011-12 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (218 KB)
RET Report - 2010-11 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (106 KB)