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Karnataka

State Profile

Geography

Karnataka is the eighth largest state in India in both area and population. It was formerly known as Mysore. On November 1,1973, the name Mysore was changed to Karnataka.

Karnataka lies between 74o and 78o East longitudes and 11o and 18o North latitudes. It is situated on the western edge of the Deccan plateau and is surrounded by Maharashtra and Goa on the north, Andhra Pradesh on the east, and Tamil Nadu and Kerala on the south. On the west, it opens out on the Arabian Sea.

Geographically, Karnataka occupies three natural regions like the Coastal strip, the Sahyadris and the Deccan plateau. They are known in Kannada as Paschima Karavali, Malnad and Maidan respectively.

The topography of Karnataka is largely a reflection of the geology of the state. The Sahyadris are covered with evergreen forests. They drop abruptly towards the Arabian Sea, thus forming a natural barrier between the plateau and the coastal regions. Four passes provide access to the coast. They are the Subrahmanya Ghat, the Charmadi Ghat, the Shiradi Ghat, and the famous Agumbe Ghat. The western Ghats slope gently towards the Bay of Bengal. This is the plateau region drained by the two principal rivers namely Krishna and the Kaveri. The average elevation of the plateau is about 610 meters above sea-level.

History

The plateau of Karnataka is said to have been associated to the happenings in the Epic Ramayana. It witnessed a horde of historical activities since the ancient prehistoric civilization. Having the Arabian Sea on its west it is said to have been influenced by new cultures from the west coast. This region had a considerable influence of the Jain culture. The Magadhan ruler Chandragupta Maurya, influenced this region till his death at Shravana Belagola. Karnataka witnessed the rule of the Satavahanas for nearly 300 years, followed by the Kadambas and the Pallavas. The Gangadikaras ruled till 11th century. The Chalukyas of Badami and later the Rashtrakutas ruled over this region. The Kalacharis, Hoysalas, Yadavas, Kakatiyas exercised their control. Karnataka also witnessed the onslaught of the Muslims under Malik Kafur. The Hindu power established itself in 1336 at Vijayanagar by Harihara (Hakka) and Bukka. Vijayanagar period was an age of glory and prosperity. The Bahamanis also established themselves in 1337. In 1565 the empire of Vijayanagar was shattered by the Sultans of the Deccan at the famous battle of Talikota. Meanwhile in 1399 AD, the Wodeyar dynasty established itself in Mysore, a small principality and made Srirangapatnam its capital. Wodeyar's were overthrown by Hyder Ali. Mysore witnessed the strong rule of Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan. In 1799 the British controlled Mysore, the hub of Karnataka, and it remained as a princely state up to 1947. The state of Karnataka earlier called as Mysore, became a state of the Indian Union in 1973.

The state of Karnataka has an area of 191,791 sq. km. and a population of 52.85 million. There are 29 districts, 176 blocks and 29406 villages. The State has population density of 275 per sq. km. (as against the national average of 312). The decadal growth rate of the state is 17.51% (against 21.54% for the country) and the population of the state is growing at a slower rate than the national rate.

Health Indicators of Karnataka

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is 2.0. The Infant Mortality Rate is 38 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is 178 (SRS 2007 - 2009) which are lower than the National average. The Sex Ratio in the State is 968 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Karnataka State as compared to India figures

IndicatorKarnatakaIndia
Total population (In crore) (Census 2011) 6.11 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2011) 15.67 17.64
Infant Mortality rate (SRS 2011) 35 44
Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2007-09) 178 212
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2011) 1.9 2.4
Crude Birth Rate (SRS 2011) 18.8 21.8
Crude Death Rate (SRS 2011) 7.1 7.1
Natural growth Rate (SRS 2011) 11.7 14.7
Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 968 940
Child Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 943 914
Schedule Caste population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.85 16.6
Schedule Tribe population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.34 8.4
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 75.60 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 82.85 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 68.13 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Karnataka

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 9063 8871 192
Primary Health Centre 1445 2310 *
Community Health Centre 361 180 181
Health Worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 11181 11434 *
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 8871 3148 5723
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 2310 1036 1274
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 2310 823 1487
Doctor at PHCs 2310 2089 221
Obstetricians & Gynecologists at CHCs 180 175 5
Pediatricians at CHCs 180 95 85
Total specialists at CHCs 720 495 225
Radiographers at CHCs 180 172 8
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 2490 2417 73
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 2490 1058 1432
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 3570 4978 *

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2012, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)

Organogram

Secretariat of Karnataka

Secretariat of Karnataka

Directorate of Karnataka

Directorate of Karnataka

Organogram of the Health Department at State Level (NRHM)

Organogram of the Health Department at State Level (NRHM)

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List and Addresses of State Officials

Principal Secy
Shri  N. Sivasailam   
Principal Secretary (H&FW),
Health and FW Department,
Room No. 105, Ist Floor, Vikas Souda,
Bangalore-560001, Karnataka
Tele office : 080-22255324
Fax No : 080-22353916
Mob : 09448990310
E Mail : prs-hfw@karnataka.gov.in
Mission Director
Shri Atul Kumar Tiwari
Mission Director (NRHM),
Directorate of Health & FW Services,
3rd Floor, IPP Building, Anand Rao Circle,
Bangalore- 560009
Tele Off : 080-22373587
Fax No : 080-22340164
Mob : 09968454005
Email : mdnrhmkar@gmail.com
Regional Director
Dr. N. R. Suresh
Sr. Regional Director,
Regional office of Health and F.W,
Government of India, 2nd Floor,
F wing, Kendriya Sadan, Koramangal,
Bangalore - 560034
Tele Off : 080-25537310,25537688
Fax No : 080-25539249
Mob : 09449820954
Email : rhobng@nic.in

Regional Evaluation Team Report

TitleDownload
RET Report - 2011-12 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (348 KB)
RET Report - 2010-11 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (224 KB)
RET Report - 2009-10 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (100 KB)