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Daman & Diu

State Profile

Geography

Daman and Diu , is composed of two former Portuguese colonies seized by India in 1961. Daman and Diu were administered jointly with Goa as the union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu until 1987, when Goa became a separate state. It is administered by the home minister of the Central Indian government. The major language is Gujarati.

Daman, Port. DamAo (1991 pop. 62,101), c.30 sq mi (80 sq km), at the mouth of the Daman River on the Gulf of Khambat, was acquired by the Portuguese in 1588. It consisted of a coastal section, Daman proper, and a detached inland section, Nagar Haveli, which in 1961 became part of the Indian union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Before the decline of Portuguese power in the 18th century And Daman enjoyed a large overseas trade. Rice, wheat, and tobacco are the chief crops; fishing is important.

Diu (1991 pop. 39,485), c.20 sq mi (50 sq km), consisting of Diu island and a small area on the coast of the nearby Kathiawar Peninsula, was acquired by Portugal in 1535. Diu town has several splendid Catholic churches built before overseas trade declined in the late 18th cent. Fishing is the principal occupation, and salt is produced. Tourism is important for both regions; Diu has famous beaches

History

From the 8th to13th century, Daman and Diu, which was a part of Goa was a stronghold of the Chowda Rajputs who were ousted by the Waghalas who in turn were expelled by Muslims in1330. It continued under Muslims rule for another two hundred years when it was conquered by the Portuguese. The Portuguese ruled Goa for 451 years (1510-1961). Albuquerque entrenched himself in the Island of Tiswadi in 1510. His successors had unbroken sway over this lovely territory for four and a half centuries despite mounting resentment and opposition to the alien rule from the people within and outside the territory. Even as the Portuguese were settling down, admirals and seamen of the Indian powers were challenging their might on the high seas.

When Bahadur Shah, Sultan of Gujarat, was attacked by the Mughal Emperor Humayun he entered into a defensive alliance with the Portuguese and allowed them in 1535 to construct a fortress on the Island and maintain a garrison there. Later several attempts were made by the rulers of Gujarat in 1536, 1545 and 1546 respectively to oust the Portuguese from the Fort of Diu but to no avail. By the Treaty of 1543 the cessation of Diu to the Portuguese was finally confirmed. The fortress of Diu, an imposing structure was reconstructed after the siege of 1545 by Dom Joao de Castro.

By the middle of the 16th century the Portuguese were able to annex Salcete and Bardez Talukas and the coastal areas, north of Bombay and the pockets of Daman and Diu.

In 1670, a small armed band of the Arabs of Muscat surprised and plundered the fortress, retiring with the booty they had acquired. Since that happening, the other most worthy event occurred in connection with the liberation of Portuguese settlement-'Operation Vijay' just before the midnight of December 16, 1961, ending the colonial rule. The different land blocks on the west coast of India, Daman, Diu and Goa came to form one political unit after liberation from the erstwhile Portuguese regime in 1961. In 1987, when Goa become a full fledged state, Daman and Diu was separated from Goa.

The UT of Daman & Diu has an area of 112 sq. km. and a population of 0.24 million. There are 2 districts, 2 blocks and 23 villages. The UT has population density of 1,412 per sq. km. (as against the national average of 312). The decadal growth rate of the state is 55.73% (against 21.54% for the country) and the population of the UT continues to grow at a much faster rate than the national rate.

Health Indicators of Daman & Diu

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is NA. The Infant Mortality Rate is 22 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is NA (SRS 2007 - 2009). The Sex Ratio in the State is 618 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Daman & Diu State as compared to India figures

IndicatorsDaman & DiuIndia
Total population (in crore) (Census 2011) 0.024 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2011) 53.54 17.64
Crude Birth Rate (SRS 2013) 17.9 21.4
Crude Death Rate (SRS 2013) 4.9 7
Natural growth rate (SRS 2013) 13 14.4
Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2013) 20 40
Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2010-12) NA 178
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2012) NA 2.4
Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 618 940
Child Sex ratio (Census 2011) 909 914
Schedule Caste population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.00048 16.6
Schedule Tribe population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.0014 8.4
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 87.07 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 91.48 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 79.59 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Daman & Diu

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 12 26 *
Primary Health Centre 2 3 *
Community Health Centre 0 2 *
Health worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 29 40 *
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 26 24 2
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 3 0 3
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 3 2 1
Doctor at PHCs 3 5 *
Obstetricians & Gynecologists at CHCs 2 0 2
Pediatricians at CHCs 2 0 2
Total specialists at CHCs 8 0 8
Radiographers at CHCs 2 3 *
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 5 4 1
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 5 4 1
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 17 11 6

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2011, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)

Organogram

 

List and Addresses of State Officials

Development Commissioner & Secretary Health
Shri Shandeep kumar
Development Commissioner &
Secretary Health & Family Welfare ,
Daman & Diu Administration,
Secretariate Motidaman- 396220.
Daman & Diu
Tele office : 0260- 2230473
Fax No : 0260-2230771
Mob : 9825678400
E-mail : devcom-dd@nic.in
Mission Director
Shri J.P. Agarwal
Mission Director (NRHM),
UT Administration of Daman & Diu,
Directorate of Medical & Health Services,
community Health Centre,
Fort Area Moti Daman,
Daman - 396 220
Tele Off : 0260-2230726
Fax No : 0260-
Mob :09726466655
Email : jpchirag@yahoo.co.in,

Regional Evaluation Team Report

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RET Report - 2011-12 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (40.0 KB)