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Andaman & Nicobar Islands

State Profile

Geography

The Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is known throughout the country as 'Kalapani' because of their having been a penal settlement EXT file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. under the British Rule. The islands lie in a long and narrow broken chain, approximately north-south sprawling like an arc. Andaman group of islands and the Nicobar group of islands, have entirely different population and problems. The dreaded 10o channel, which is about 145 km wide and 400 fathoms deep, separates the two groups.

This territory comprises islands some of which are large such as North Andaman, Middle Andaman, South Andaman, Baratang, Little Andaman in the Andaman group and Car Nicobar. Situated in the Bay of Bengal, Andaman and Nicobar islands constitute one of the most important union territories. This is a group of big and small picturesque islands forming a narrow broken chain in the form of a north-south arc and are situated at 16oN and 14oN latitude and 92oE and 94oE longitude. Geologically the islands appear to have been part of the land mass of South east Asia comprising North East India, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.

The climate of the islands is generally described as tropical and warm but the temperature is pleasant by sea breeze. The islands are exposed to both the monsoons and to north-easterly gale from November to December and south-westerly gale from May to October. The weather is calm only from January to April and to some extend in October. The average annual rainfall is 318cms. Rough weather prevails at the beginning of south-west monsoon and at the change of monsoon. The average temperature ranges between 22.5o and 29.9o.

This territory consists of two distinct groups of islands-Andaman and Nicobar. There are more than 3000 islands, islets and rocks in the archipelago while only about 300 of them are of appreciable size. Of these only 39 islands are inhabited. The northern most point is Landfall island which is 901 kms away from the mouth of Hoogly River and about 190kms from Burma. The southern-most island is Great Nicobar, the southern-most tip of which Pygmalian Point now Indira Point is about 150 kms away from Sumatra (Indonesia).

The terrain is generally mountainous with long ranges of hills enclosing narrow valleys. The configuration of the land clearly points to these islands being the visible ridges and summits of sunken ranges of mountains, Saddle EXT file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. Peak in North Andaman at a height of 732 metres above sea level is the highest point in these islands. There are no great elevations and the slopes are moderate to steep and rugged. They are susceptible to heavy soil erosion. Flat lands are comparatively scarce. The villages in Betapur and Diglipur constitute the main flat lands in the Andaman group.

The islands in the Nicobar group are surrounded by coral reef and shallow seas. Long narrow stretches of sandy beaches are a salient feature of the topography here. Car Nicobar and Katchal are almost flat while the others have hilly terrain. In Little Nicobar and Great Nicobar in the Nicobar group, the land surface is very irregular, cut up by steep hills and valleys.

History

The original inhabitants of the islands lived in the forests on hunting and fishing EXT file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. . There are four Negrito tribes, viz., the Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Sentinalese in the Andaman group of islands and two Mongoloid Sentinalese are still hostile. They are still keeping a separate entity and have not yet learnt the concept of covering their bodies.

The modern history of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands begins with the establishment of a settlement EXT file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. by East India Company in 1789. However, in 1796 this settlement was abandoned. Following the first war of Indian Independence in 1857, the British India Government founded the penal settlement in these islands in 1858, primarily known as Kalapani, for the deportation EXT file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. of freedom fighters from the mainland India, which continued till the second World War. During the Second World War, the Japanese forces occupied the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 1942. Further following the surrender of the Japanese forces in the Second World War, the British India Government reoccupied these islands in 1945 and continued their administration till the Independence of the country in 1947.

The state of Andaman & Nicobar Islands has an area of 8249 sq. km. and a population of 0.37 million. There are 4 districts, 7 blocks and 547 villages. The State has population density of 43 per sq. km (as against the national average of 312). The decadal growth rate of the state is 26.90% (against 21.54% for the country) and the population of the state continues to grow at a much faster rate than the national rate.

Health Indicators of Andaman & Nicobar Islands

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is NA. The Infant Mortality Rate is 24 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is NA (SRS Report 2010-12). The Sex Ratio in the State is 878 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Andaman & Nicobar Islands State as compared to India figures

IndicatorAndaman & Nicobar IslandsIndia
Total population (in crore) (Census 2011) 0.037 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2011) 6.68 17.64
Crude Birth Rate ( SRS 2013) 14.6 21.4
Crude Death Rate ( SRS 2013) 4.6 7
Natural Growth Rate (SRS 2013) 10 14.4
Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2013) 24 40
Maternal Mortality Ratio (SRS 2010-12) NA 178
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2012) NA 2.4
Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 878 940
Child Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 966 914
Schedule Caste population (In crore) (Census 2001) Not Notified 16.6
Schedule Tribe population (In crore) (Census 2001) 0.003 8.4
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 86.27 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 90.11 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 81.84 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Andaman & Nicobar Islands

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 11892 12522 *
Primary Health Centre 1955 1624 331
Community Health Centre 488 281 207
Health worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 14146 21647 *
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 12522 5076 7446
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 1624 1149 475
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 1624 1920 *
Doctor at PHCs 1624 2348 76
Obstetricians & Gynecologists at CHCs 281 156 125
Pediatricians at CHCs 281 118 163
Total specialists at CHCs 1124 408 716
Radiographers at CHCs 281 117 164
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 1905 1817 88
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 1905 1476 429
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 3591 4177 *

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2011, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)

Organogram

 

List and Addresses of State Officials

 Secretary
Shri  G. Theva Neethi Dhas
Secretary (Health & FW)
Department of Health & Family Welfare,
Andaman & Nicobar Administration,
Secretariat,
Port Blair- 744101
Andman & Nicobar Island
Tel Off : 03192-233137
Fax No : 03192-244083
Mob : 09434260725
Email : gtndhas220658@gmail.com
Mission Director
Dr. Shipra Paul
Mission Director (NRHM)
Department of Health & Family Welfare,
Andaman & Nicobar Administration,
Secretariat,PORT BLAIR- 744101
ANDMAN & NICOBAR ISLAND
Tel Off : 03192-233331
Fax No : 03192-232910
Mob :  09474234099
Email : dirdhs.and@nic.in,
Director in Chief / Director Health Services
Dr. Shipra Paul
Director of health & Services
Department of Health & Family Welfare,
Andaman & Nicobar Administration,
Secretariat,
PORT BLAIR- 744101
ANDMAN & NICOBAR ISLAND
Tel Off : 03192-233331
Fax No : 03192-232910
Mob :  09474234099
Email : dirdhs.and@nic.in,
NRHM Nodal Officer
Sh. Mohammed Ismail
State Health Society,
1st floor, AYUSH Hospital,
Atlanta Point, Port Blair-744104
Off.: +91-3192-243653
+91-3192-234965
Mob : +91-9933277121
Email : afizis_mohd@yahoo.com
State Programme Manager
Sh. Mohammed Ismail
State Health Society,
1st floor, AYUSH Hospital,
Atlanta Point, Port Blair-744104
Office : +91-3192-243653
+91-3192-234965
Mob : +91-9933277121
Email : afizis_mohd@yahoo.com
State Finance Manager
Sh. Zahir Abbas
State Health Society,
1st floor, AYUSH Hospital,
Atlanta Point, Port Blair-744104
A&N Islands
Office : +91-3192-234965
Mob : +91-9474207703
Email : zahirabbas83@ymail.com
State Immunisation Officer

Directorate of Health Services,
Port Blair -744104,
A&N Islands
Tel. Off. : +91-3192-232797
State RCH Officer

Directorate of Health Services,
Port Blair -744104,
A&N Islands
Tel. Off. : +91-3192-246179

Disease Control Programmes

Disease Control ProgrammeOfficersContact Details
NPCB
(National Programme for Control of Blindness)

RBD Building,
Behind Cellular Jail,
Port Blair-744104
Tel. Off. : +91-3192-239518
NLEP
(National Leprosy Eradication Programme)

Directorate of Health Services,
Port Blair 744 104,
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Tel : +91-3192-232797
RNTCP
(Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme)

TB Ward,
GB Pant Hospital,
Port Blair
Tel. Off. : +91-3192-232775
Fax : +91-3912-233511
IDSP
(Integrated Disease Survlliance Programme)
State Surveillance Unit,
GB Pant Hospital,
Port Blair-744104
Tel. Off. : +91-3192-239769
Fax : +91-3192-232910
NIDDCP (National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Programme) Directorate of Health Services,
Port Blair 744 104,
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Tel : +91-3192-246179
NVBDCP
(National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme)

Directorate of Health Services,
Port Blair 744 104,
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Tel. Off. : +91-3192-232428
NPPCD
(National programe forPrevention and Control Diseasel Deafness)
G.B. Pant Hospital,
Port Blair-744104
Andaman & Nicobar Island
 

Regional Evaluation Team Report

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RET Report - 2009-10 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (124 KB)